Fatima's Memory of Errands and Cognitive Effects

The Cognitive Effects on Fatima's Memory of Errands

Fatima's parents requested that she run several errands for them. She quickly rushed out of the house without writing a list of all her tasks. While on her drive, she realized she could only remember the first two tasks and last two.

Which of the following does not explain Fatima's memory of her errands?

a) Recency effect where the last couple tasks are in short term memory.

b) Primacy effect where earlier errands had more time to be rehearsed.

c) Cueing effect where the previous errand acts as a stimulus to remember the following errand.

d) She did not expe...

Question:

Which of the following does not explain Fatima's memory of her errands?

Final answer:

Fatima's memory of her errands can be explained by the primacy and recency effects, but not by the cueing effect. The correct option is c.

Explanation:

The correct answer is c) cueing effect where the previous errand acts as a stimulus to remember the following errand. Fatima's memory of her errands can be explained by the primacy and recency effects. The primacy effect suggests that the earlier errands had more time to be rehearsed, leading to better memory retention.

The recency effect explains that the last couple tasks are stored in short-term memory, making them easier to remember. Both of these effects contribute to Fatima's ability to remember the first two tasks and last two tasks of her errands.

However, the cueing effect does not explain Fatima's memory of her errands. The cueing effect refers to how a previous errand acts as a stimulus to remember the following errand.

In Fatima's case, since she can only remember the first two and last two tasks, this suggests that there is no cueing effect happening in her memory. The correct option is c.

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